Since 1901 (Federation) Australia has conducted elections and kept detailed electoral rolls. The laws have changed a few times over the years: Compulsory voting was introduced in 1924, Women's right to vote was won progressively across the different states between 1895 and 1911, Indigenous Australians won voting rights in 1962. Included are some links to naturalisation records and some census records.
- Australian Capital Territory
- New South Wales
- Western Australia
- South Australia
- Northern Territory
- New South Wales Index to 1841 Census free to search, pay to order copies
- Naturalization, 1834-1903
- The Eden/Monaro Pioneers - The database contains over 350,000 names - all the currently identified individuals and families from the Eden/Monaro region and surrounding areas as well.
- South Australian Naturalizations 1839 - 1903
- Persons Lost and Found 1838 to 1920 - This database of 30,900 deserters from wives, families, ships, military and other service (eg apprenticeships and work contracts), the deserted, those failing to support their families, missing persons, escaped prisoners, absconders from asylums and industrial schools, convict expirees arriving from other colonies, and bigamists
- 1841 Census—South Australia
- The Manning Index of South Australian HistoryThe Index contains many thousands of references to South Australian newspaper and magazine stories for the years 1837 to 1937. It also includes extensive selected text from the indexed publications, other primary and secondary sources and numerous extracts from Mr Manning's own writings.
- Tasmania - Index to census records 1837 - 1857 free to search, pay to order copies
The Nothern Territory Department of Arts and Museums is responsible for the Northern Territory Archives. A list of collections in the archive is available for download in PDF format (warning: 250+ pages) which can then be searched offline. The archives can also be searced online using the "Archives Navigator" service although it is not straight forward and no indexes are available. Read the Information for Researchers page for information on the service.
- Territory Women - Territory women who placed their names on the 1895 Electoral Roll so that they could take their part in shaping the new nation of Australia
- Cyclone Tracy - List of Darwin Evacuees
- Australian Electoral History - page with links to information about election history. Useful for determining when a person should appear on the rolls and under what circumstances they may not appear.
- Censuses and Musters 1788-1901 - list and timeline only, state by state